Human trafficking is the third largest organized crime across the globe after drugs and arms trade. Human trafficking is “the trade in humans, most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor, or for the extraction of organs and tissues, including surrogacy and ova removal. Trafficking is a lucrative industry, representing an estimated $32 billion per year in international trade, compared to the estimated $650 billion for all illegal international trade.” India is considered as the hub of this crime in Asia.

As per the statistics of the government in every eight minutes a child goes missing in our country. In 2011 about 35,000 children were reported missing and more than 11,000 out of these were from West Bengal.Further,it is assumed that only 30% of the total cases are reported,so the actual number is pretty high. The New York Times has reported on the widespread problem of human trafficking in India especially in the state of Jharkhand. Also in the report it is stated that young girls are trafficked from neighboring Nepal to India. In another article published in The Times of India – Karnataka is the third state in India for human trafficking. Other South Indian states are also the most sought after destinations for human trafficking. Every year more than 300 such cases are reported in each of the four south Indian states. Whereas West Bengal and Bihar, on an average have 100 such cases every year. As per the data, morethan half of the human trafficking cases are from these states. According to the latest reports on human trafficking by the United Nations on Drugs and Crime reveals that Tamil Nadu has 528 cases of human trafficking in 2012. The number is really high and more than any other state except West Bengal (549). As per the data from Ministry,1379 cases of human trafficking were reported from Karnataka in the period of four years, in Tamil Nadu the number is 2,244 whereas Andhra Pradesh has 2,157 cases of human trafficking. Recently 300 bonded laborers in Bangalore have been rescued. According to an article in Firstpost, Delhi is the hub of human trafficking trade in India and half of the world’s slaves lives in India. Delhi is the hotspot for illegal trade of young girls for domestic labor, forced marriage and prostitution. Delhi is also the transit point for human trafficking.

By- mukul paul



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